While improv comedy in the classroom might nurture your child’s stage talent, it’s also a highly effective way of teaching literacy. Pictured here, La Ligue d'Improvisation Montréalaise. (Wikipedia Commons), CC BY-NC-SA
Since its first entry on the comedy scene in the 1950s, improvisational comedy, otherwise know as improv, has changed the world of comedy.
In his book Improv Nation, Sam Wasson audaciously proclaims that improv has “replaced jazz as America’s most popular art form.” Adding to this declaration, New York Times writer Jason Zinoman describes the ascent of improv as “one of the most important stories in popular culture.”
But what does the rise of improv comedy have to do with classroom literacy instruction?
As a former elementary school teacher turned professor of literacy education, it has been my observation, in numerous settings over many years, that children often want to be funny in their storytelling. But many are not quite sure how to go about it.
And when children do give humorous writing a try, sometimes the result falls outside of what is considered acceptable by the adults in the room and their efforts are met with ambivalence or outright disapproval.
Humour is a tricky thing — what some find funny, others find distasteful. Nonetheless, the potential humour has always held — for both entertainment and social commentary — compels me to explore its possibilities for literacy instruction in the elementary school classroom.
As part of a recent research project, my team and I spoke with 10 professional comedians in Calgary, asking them how they might approach comedy in the classroom. Almost unanimously, they recommended improv as the best means for helping children find their funny selves, along with a number of benefits.
Following their suggestion, we took improv into the classroom, and by doing so, have come to see the brilliance of their suggestions.
In this article, I explore the benefits of improv to literacy instruction. But first I should be clear regarding my understanding of literacy. I view literacy as much more than the skills to decipher and write words on a page.
Literacy involves numerous communication modes — not just reading and writing, but also listening and speaking, viewing and representing.
In my work, I also consider somewhat ephemeral aspects of literacy and ask how things such as “affect,” gesture, space, time and improvisation play a role in students’ literacy development.
Author and students playing the improv game, One Word Story. (K. Lenters), Author provided
This is where improv comes in. In improv, all or most of the dialogue and action is unscripted; instead, the performance is generated spontaneously as the players interact with each other on stage. The collaborative story depends on the principle of “Yes, and….”
As improv specialist Karen Hough explains: “No matter what an actor says onstage, (‘I’m a goldfish!’) she knows that not only will her troupe immediately accept and support the idea (‘Yes, you’re a goldfish!’) they will also add to it. (‘And I’m the aquarium keeper.’)”
Yes, and… sets the stage for one of improv’s golden rules: Make your partner look good.
In improv, there are no fixed or pre-planned ways to end a story — endings depend entirely on what the players bring to the improv assemblage. The collaborative story-building is reliant upon the participation of each player and, at times, it also depends on contributions from the audience.
Improv’s yes, and… collaborative ethos provides supports that can be particularly helpful to children who struggle to find ideas for stories, or who are challenged by the prospect of creating interesting endings. It also nurtures a climate in which even the most reticent are encouraged to participate.
Learning to tell a story is a critical aspect of literacy development. In storytelling, students learn to work with language, vocabulary and writing structures for multiple purposes, such as entertaining, informing or persuading.
As students collaboratively play with the story in an improv scene, they develop confidence in using oral language. They learn to make effective decisions about how a story will unfold.
Students also have the opportunity to learn from the ways other players use language, gesture and objects to develop the story. Because of the quick pace of improv scenes, some of this learning happens through “affect” — that is, a pre-conscious level of thought that involves the body and the mind. This type of learning, “learning in the flow,” has been shown to be a space where creativity flourishes.
Students playing the improv game, Raising the Stakes. (K. Lenters), Author provided
Laura Tennisco, a Calgary improv artist and elementary school teacher, articulates the foundational principles of improv as follows: “Make your partner look good; say ‘yes;’ commit to the choices you make; expand on ideas [provided by other players]; be obvious.”
When players commit to these principles, they foster cooperation, communication, openness to the ideas of others and flexibility. These outcomes produce an environment that fosters creativity and innovation.