Ocean ‘Bathtub Drains’ Pull Flotsam Together
Hannah Hickey, 23 Jan 18
       

(Credit: Getty Images)

Marine debris, or flotsam, clumps together as it moves on the surface of the ocean, new research featuring the largest flotilla of sensors ever deployed in a single area suggests.

Researchers placed hundreds of drifting sensors in the Gulf of Mexico near the site of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill to observe how material moves on the ocean’s surface. Rather than spread out, as current calculations would predict, many of them clumped together in a tight cluster.

The findings, which appear in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, hold promise for the cleanup of marine pollution and have wider implications for ocean science.


Researchers dropped a group of 326 drifters in February 2016 in a grid pattern in the Gulf of Mexico. The white dots in the video disperse, but the red dots clump together in an area about the size of a football field. (Credit: Andrey Shcherbina/U. Washington)

“To observe floating objects spread out over a region the size of a city concentrate into a region smaller than a football stadium was just amazing,” says first author Eric D’Asaro, professor of oceanography at the University of Washington. “We knew there would be some concentration, but the magnitude seen was quite stunning.”

Textbook science would predict that material in the ocean would simply diffuse—that is, move apart or flow with the currents. But recent research has begun to explore the role of oceanic fronts and vortexes, and a 2015 study showed that small-scale eddies push phytoplankton down to hundreds of feet below the water’s surface.

Ocean clean up

The new study shows that these eddies can draw in flotsam from a wide area. If scientists could somehow observe or predict this funneling behavior, it might help to clean up oil spills or recover marine plastics and other floating debris.

“The hope is to apply this in ocean cleanup projects, but first we have to figure out how to observe or predict where these concentrations will occur,” D’Asaro says.

For the 2016 field campaign, coauthor Tamay Özgökmen and colleagues at the University of Miami designed inexpensive drifting sensors that are built from biodegradable plastic so that hundreds can be deployed at a time.


The project used hundreds of biodegradable white plastic drifters in several experiments to mimic how flotsam, or floating debris, travels in the ocean.(Credit: CARTHE/Guillaume Novelli)

During a winter cruise, the team placed the instruments about 75 kilometers from the mouth of the Mississippi River, in an area where fresh, cold river water meets saltier, warmer, and denser water from the Gulf of Mexico. The cruise deployed more than 1,000 drifters, making it the largest-ever deployment of individually-trackable ocean drifters in a single location to see how they behave as a group.

Sign in to view full article

       
From ‘White Flight’ to ‘Bright Flight’ – The Looming Risk for Our Growing Cities
If the growth of cities in the 20th century was marked by “white flight”, the 21st century is shaping up ...
Jason Twill
Fri, 19 May 17
Organ Harvesting in China: Foreigners ‘Are 1 in 5’ Transplant Recipients
Prisoners of conscience are murdered on demand for their organs in China to supply a state-run transplant industry where one ...
James Burke
Mon, 20 Feb 17
How and Why We are Moving Beyond GDP as a Measure of Human Progress
How we track our economy influences everything from government spending and taxes to home lending and business investment. In our ...
Tani Shaw
Thu, 5 Jan 17
The Future of Online Advertising is Big Data and Algorithms
The challenge facing advertisers and advertising professionals is remaining relevant in the face of a fundamental technological change. Namely, algorithms ...
Rob Livingstone
Tue, 4 Apr 17
Here’s How We Can Protect Ourselves From The Hidden Algorithms That Influence Our Lives
In political terms, 2016 has been a year of uncertainty. Yet, it has also seen the rising dominance of algorithms, ...
Alan Reid
Sun, 26 Feb 17
Join us today!
At Epoch Times, We Care :o)
An Epoch Times Survey
Sports Elements
Read about Forced Organ Harvesting
BUCHERER